Middlebrook Confidentiality places a duty on clergy not to disclose information shared with them in private. Confidentiality is also the ethical and often legal responsibility to safeguard congregation members from unauthorized disclosures of information given in the context of a confidential pastor-parishioner relationship. Historically, pastors have had only a moral obligation to maintain the confidentiality of information given to them by congregation members. In recent years, however, people have brought an increased number of lawsuits against pastors for invasion of privacy and other tort claims arising out of the disclosure of confidential information by a pastor or other church official.
Sources and confidentiality This and the previous chapter are on sources of information.
In the previous chapter we discussed the ethics of gathering and using information. We suggested ways of judging the reliability of different sources. We examined the use of information given on the record, non-attributable and off the record. In this chapter we discuss the issue of confidentiality in journalism.
However, once you have made the promise not to identify them, you must never break your word. If you do, people will never talk to you again. This introduces us to the idea of confidentiality, one of the most important areas of journalism ethics.
The words "confidence" and "confidentiality" are based on the Latin word for trust. When you are given information in confidence, this usually means that you promise that you will not tell anyone else where you got it from. Your confidential informant trusts you to keep their identity secret.
Agreeing to accept non-attributable information is the most common example of confidentiality. People usually ask for confidentiality because they are afraid of other people finding out they gave you information.
There are all sorts of reasons why they need confidentiality: They might fear that their bosses will punish them for giving the information. They might be afraid of what other people think about them if certain information is shown to have come from them.
They might be in a position of power but limited by rules about what they can say officially. Confidentiality of sources is central to the ethics of journalism. As a journalist, you rely on people telling you things.
Sometimes those people do not want their identity revealed to others. Although it is always better to be able to quote someone by name, in certain circumstances you have to quote what your source says without revealing away their identity.
If you name a source who has given you information in confidence, you betray their trust.
They will probably never give you confidential information again. But more importantly, anyone who knows that you cannot be trusted will probably refuse to give you information in confidence.Please see the following list of authoritative resources on confidentiality.
If you are having any difficulties applying this to your role, please call us. Find out more about joining the RCN. However, there are many occasions when a good journalist can get confidential information without the need to obtain someone's agreement or break the law.
One enterprising journalism student regularly used to search through waste paper bins next to the university's photocopying machines. Confidentiality The Data Protection Act gives people the right to confidentiality of personal information - Health and Social Care: the Right to Confidentiality Essay introduction.
Confidentiality means keeping information given to oneself private and not sharing it . is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her. Because trust is a relational concept, good communication is critical.
Not surprisingly, open and honest communication tends to support the decision to trust, whereas poor (or no) communication.
Healthy boundaries provide a nurturing and safe physical, emotional, sexual and spiritual environment for individuals.” A Good Relationshiphas Good Boundaries. It is acceptable to make a personal loan to a member of the church or youth group. It is acceptable to break confidentiality .