Conclusion Introduction There are no precise, reliable statistics on the amount of computer crime and the economic loss to victims, partly because many of these crimes are apparently not detected by victims, many of these crimes are never reported to authorities, and partly because the losses are often difficult to calculate.
Introduction[ edit ] Athanasius Kircher 's map of Atlantis from Mundus Subterraneus drawn with south at the top.
The dialogue takes place the day after Socrates described his ideal state.
In Plato's works such a discussion occurs in the Republic. Socrates feels that his description of the ideal state wasn't sufficient for the purposes of entertainment and that "I would be glad to hear some account of it engaging in transactions with other states" 19b.
Hermocrates wishes to oblige Socrates and mentions that Critias knows just the account 20b to do so. Critias proceeds to tell the story of Solon 's journey to Egypt where he hears the story of Atlantisand how Athens used to be an ideal state that subsequently waged war against Atlantis 25a.
Critias believes that he is getting ahead of himself, and mentions that Timaeus will tell part of Laws of life essay yahoo account from the origin of the universe to man. Critias also cites the Egyptian priest in Sais about long term factors on the fate of mankind: There is a story that even you [Greeks] have preserved, that once upon a time, Phaethonthe son of Helios, having yoked the steeds in his father's chariot, because he was not able to drive them in the path of his father, burnt up all that was upon the earth, and was himself destroyed by a thunderbolt.
Now this has the form of a myth, but really signifies a declination of the bodies moving in the heavens around the earth, and a great conflagration of things upon the earth, which recurs after long intervals. The main content of the dialogue, the exposition by Timaeus, follows. Synopsis of Timaeus' account[ edit ] Nature of the physical world[ edit ] Plato is depicted in Raphael's The School of Athens anachronistically carrying a bound copy of Timaeus.
Timaeus begins with a distinction between the physical world, and the eternal world. The physical one is the world which changes and perishes: The eternal one never changes: The speeches about the two worlds are conditioned by the different nature of their objects.
Indeed, "a description of what is changeless, fixed and clearly intelligible will be changeless and fixed," 29bwhile a description of what changes and is likely, will also change and be just likely. Therefore, in a description of the physical world, one "should not look for anything more than a likely story" 29d.
Timaeus suggests that since nothing "becomes or changes" without cause, then the cause of the universe must be a demiurge or a god, a figure Timaeus refers to as the father and maker of the universe. And since the universe is fair, the demiurge must have looked to the eternal model to make it, and not to the perishable one 29a.
Hence, using the eternal and perfect world of " forms " or ideals as a template, he set about creating our world, which formerly only existed in a state of disorder.
Purpose of the universe[ edit ] Timaeus continues with an explanation of the creation of the universe, which he ascribes to the handiwork of a divine craftsman. The demiurge, being good, wanted there to be as much good as was the world. The demiurge is said to bring order out of substance by imitating an unchanging and eternal model paradigm.
The ananke, often translated as 'necessity', was the only other co-existent element or presence in Plato's cosmogony. Later Platonists clarified that the eternal model existed in the mind of the Demiurge. Properties of the universe[ edit ] Timaeus describes the substance as a lack of homogeneity or balance, in which the four elements earthairfire and water were shapeless, mixed and in constant motion.
Considering that order is favourable over disorder, the essential act of the creator was to bring order and clarity to this substance. Therefore, all the properties of the world are to be explained by the demiurge 's choice of what is fair and good; or, the idea of a dichotomy between good and evil.
First of all, the world is a living creature. Since the unintelligent creatures are in their appearance less fair than intelligent creatures, and since intelligence needs to be settled in a soul, the demiurge "put intelligence in soul, and soul in body" in order to make a living and intelligent whole.
Then, since the part is imperfect compared to the whole, the world had to be one and only. Therefore, the demiurge did not create several worlds, but a single unique world 31b. Additionally, because the demiurge wanted his creation to be a perfect imitation of the Eternal "One" the source of all other emanationsthere was no need to create more than one world.
The creator decided also to make the perceptible body of the universe by four elements, in order to render it proportioned. Indeed, in addition to fire and earth, which make bodies visible and solid, a third element was required as a mean: Moreover, since the world is not a surface but a solid, a fourth mean was needed to reach harmony: As for the figure, the demiurge created the world in the geometric form of a globe.
Indeed, the round figure is the most perfect one, because it comprehends or averages all the other figures and it is the most omnimorphic of all figures: The creator assigned then to the world a rotatory or circular movement, which is the "most appropriate to mind and intelligence" on account of its being the most uniform 34a.Here's my full essay for the 'positive or negative development' question that we've been looking at over the last few weeks.
In some countries, many more people are choosing to live alone nowadays than in the past. Do you think this is a positive or negative development? In recent years it has become far more normal for people to live alone, . “I feel like I’m an above-average driver.” I feel like I’m a below-average driver.
Likewise, I increasingly find driving stressful and dangerous, plus there are more and more good alternatives to driving that are often cheaper and faster and kinder to the environment. Flavius Josephus published a history of the Jews in twenty books around 93 CE. In the 18th and 20th books, there are two little references to Jesus that have inspired a .
Montana's longest running web based business news portal, promoting Montana Business & Montana Lifestyle since Utilize hashtags #mtbiz, #mttalent, #mtbenefits, #mtlocal in your social media. An introductory paragraph: On March 4, , John Smith was born to Anna Bradcock Smith and James Smith.
Although certainly not of humble origins, John was acquainted with several prominent and influential men of politics with whom he discussed matters . May (This essay was originally published in Hackers & Painters.) If you wanted to get rich, how would you do it? I think your best bet would be to start or join a startup.