Abstract This article attempts to explain the effect of family structure on juvenile delinquency. The least amount of communication and structure the family provides, the more likely the child will engage in delinquent activities. Data for this research were collected from a high school in a predominantly low-income area of the south.
Effects of Family Structure on Crime 1. Broken Families and Crime The scholarly evidence suggests that at the heart of the explosion of crime in America is the loss of the capacity of fathers and mothers to be responsible in caring for the children they bring into the world. This loss of love and guidance at the intimate levels of marriage and family has broad social consequences for children and for the wider community.
The empirical evidence shows that too many young men and women from broken families tend to have a much weaker sense of connection with their neighborhood and are prone to exploit its members to satisfy their unmet needs or desires. This contributes to a loss of a sense of community and to the disintegration of neighborhoods into social chaos and violent crime.
If policymakers are to deal with the root causes of crime they must deal with the rapid rise of illegitimacy. Consider the following findings: Over the past fifty years, the rise in violent crime parallels the rise in families abandoned by fathers.
High-crime neighborhoods are characterized by high concentrations of families abandoned by fathers. State-by-state analysis, by scholars from the Heritage Foundation, indicates that a 10 percent increase in the percentage of children living in single-parent homes leads typically to a 17 percent increase in juvenile crime.
The rate of violent teenage crime corresponds with the number of families abandoned by fathers. The type of aggression and hostility demonstrated by a future criminal often is foreshadowed in unusual aggressiveness as early as age five or six.
The future criminal tends to be an individual rejected by other children as early as the first grade who goes on to form his own group of friends, often the future delinquent gang.
On the other hand: Neighborhoods with a high degree of religious practice are not high-crime neighborhoods. Even in high-crime inner-city neighborhoods, well over 90 percent of children from safe, stable homes do not become delinquents. By contrast only 10 percent of children from unsafe, unstable homes in these neighborhoods avoid crime.
Criminals capable of sustaining marriage gradually move away from a life of crime after they get married.
The mother's strong affectionate attachment to her child is the child's best buffer against a life of crime. Strong parental bonds will significantly decrease the chance that the child will commit an act of violence.
Child Development The propensity to commit crime develops in stages associated with major psychological and sociological factors. The factors are not caused by race or povertyand the stages are the normal tasks of growing up that every child confronts as they get older.
Petrosino, et al.—The Role of Family in Crime and Delinquency () This paper brings together those reviews that bear specifically on the family-crime rela-tionship. Essentially, we conducted a systematic review of meta-analyses (what one colleague said . 1) Kevin N. Wright and Karen E. Wright, “Family Life and Delinquency and Crime: A Policymaker’s Guide to the Literature,” prepared under interagency agreement between the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and the Bureau of Justice Assistance of the U.S. Department of Justice, The Relationship between Juvenile Delinquency and Family Unit Structure By definition, an intact home is a two-parent (one male, one female) structure. Any deviation from this, regardless of reason (e.g., death, divorce, separation or.
In the case of future violent criminals these tasks, in the absence of the love, affection, and dedication of both parents, become perverse exercises, frustrating the child's needs and stunting their ability to belong.
Early infancy and the development of the capacity for empathy. Early family life and the development of relationships based on agreements being kept and a sense of an intimate place where he belongs.
Early school life and the development of peer relationships based on cooperation and agreements conveying a sense of a community to which he belongs. Mid-childhood and the experience of a growing capacity to learn and cooperate within his community.
Adolescence and the need to belong as an adult and to perform. Generativity, or the begetting of the next generation through intimate sexual union and bringing others into the family and the community. Disruption during these stages cultivate a predilection for criminal behavior that leads to the demise of the community through a threefold process: First, the broken family creates conditions to predispose children to criminal activities.
Second, children who come from these broken families tend to have negative community experiences to further encourage their criminal participation. For example, they tend to face rejection from other children, struggle in school, and participate in gangs.
Ultimately, these conditions lead to the collapse of the community.Suet-Ling Pong and Gillian Hampden-Thompson, “Family Policies and Children’s School Achievement in Single- Versus Two-Parent Families,” Journal of Marriage and Family 65, (): – Julie Artis, “Maternal Cohabitation and Child Well-Being Among Kindergarten Children,” Journal of Marriage and Family 69, no.
1 (): 1) Kevin N. Wright and Karen E. Wright, “Family Life and Delinquency and Crime: A Policymaker’s Guide to the Literature,” prepared under interagency agreement between the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and the Bureau of Justice Assistance of the U.S. Department of Justice, Juvenile Delinquency and Family Structure.
by. Anika Doggett. Elon University. Abstract. This article attempts to explain the effect of family structure on juvenile delinquency. The least amount of communication and structure the family provides, the more likely the .
The Crime of Nations: The Underappreciated Role of Family Factors | Family StudiesFamily Studies 9/2/16, PM iridis-photo-restoration.com Petrosino, et al.—The Role of Family in Crime and Delinquency () This paper brings together those reviews that bear specifically on the family-crime rela-tionship.
Essentially, we conducted a systematic review of meta-analyses (what one colleague said . aspects of sound family life prevent delinquency, but also how the absence of parental involvement, or even negative parental influences, may promote its development.