Introduction Quite often I see a question in a newsgroup or forum along the lines of:
Introduction Quite often I see a question in a newsgroup or forum along the lines of: What is this thing called 'OOP'? What is so special about it? Why should I use it? How do I use it? The person asking this type of question usually has experience of non-OO programming and wants to know the benefits of making the switch.
Unfortunately most of the replies I have seen have been long on words but short on substance, full of airy-fairy, wishy-washy, meaningless phrases which are absolutely no use at all to man or beast. According to some OO 'purists' I am not qualified at all as I was not taught to do things 'their' way and I refuse to follow 'their' methods.
My response to that accusation is that there is no such thing as 'only one true way' with OOP just as there is no such thing as 'only one true way' with religion.
People tell me that my methods are wrong, but they are making a classic mistake. My methods cannot be wrong for the simple reason that they workand anybody with more than two brain cells to rub together will tell you that something that works cannot be wrong just as something that does not work cannot be right.
My methods are not wrongthey are simply differentand sometimes it is a willingness to adopt a different approach that separates the code monkeys from the engineers. One reason why some people give totally useless answers is that it was what they were taught, and they do not have the intelligence to look beyond what they were taught.
Another reason is that some of the explanations about OO are rather vague and can be interpreted in several ways, and if something is open to interpretation it is also open to a great deal of mis -interpretation. Even some of the basic terminology can mean different things to different people, as explained in Abstraction, Encapsulation, and Information Hiding.
If these people cannot agree on the basic concepts of OOP, then how can they possibly agree on how those concepts may be implemented. In compiling the following list I picked out those descriptions which are not actually unique to OOP as those features which already exist in non-OO languages cannot be used to differentiate between the two.
OOP is about modeling the 'real world' OOP is a programming paradigm that uses abstraction to create models based on the real world. It provides for better modeling of the real world by providing a much needed improvement in domain analysis and then integration with system design.
OOP is no better at modeling the real world than any other method. Every computer program which seeks to replace a manual process is based on a conceptual software model of that process, and if the model is wrong then the software will also be wrong.
The conceptual model is created as an analyst's view of the real world, and the computer software is based solely on this conceptual model.
OOP does not provide the ability to model objects which could not be modelled in previous paradigms, it simply provides the ability to produce different types of models where both the data and the operations which act upon that data can be defined encapsulated in the same unit class.
OOP does not guarantee that the model will be better, just that the implementation of that model will be different. You should also consider the fact that it would be totally impractical to model the whole of the real world as it is simply too vast and too complicated. It is only ever necessary to model those parts which are actually relevant to your current application, and it is the exercise of deciding what is and is not relevant which decides if your abstraction is correct.
Bear in mind that unless you are developing software which directly manipulates a real-world object, such as process control, robotics, avionics or missile guidance systems, then some of the properties and methods which apply to that real-world object may be completely irrelevant in your software representation.Library¶.
bpo Fix regression in number of arguments compileall accepts when ‘-d’ is specified.
The check on the number of arguments has been dropped completely as . What OOP is NOT. As a first step I shall debunk some of the answers that I have seen. In compiling the following list I picked out those descriptions which are not actually unique to OOP as those features which already exist in non-OO languages cannot be used to differentiate between the two.
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